'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Abrāj al-Bayt, a skyscraper complex in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. shaykhs: leaders of tribes and clans within bedouin society; usually possessed large herds, several wives, and many children. As a result, Mecca can accommodate the continually increasing number of pilgrims, or hajjis. The preaching of Muhammad and the founding of Islam turn Mecca from a local place of pilgrimage to one of world-wide significance - though only Muslims are allowed to enter the city. Mecca. Founded in the 11th century by the Tuareg, it became a major trading center (primarily for gold and salt) and a center of Islamic learning by the 14th century. In the 21st century a number of skyscraper hotels were built in the area around the mosque. Professor and Chairman, Department of Geography, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Medina, city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. Mecca . In 630 A.D., Muhammad and his followers took over leadership of Mecca after years of persecution. The ancient Mecca was an oasis on the old caravan trade route that linked the Mediterranean world with South Arabia, East Africa and South Asia. There are less than 5 inches (130 mm) of rainfall during the year, mainly in the winter months. The birthplace of Muhammad, and thus the holiest city for Muslims. Updates? These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mecca.' It was also in this cave that he received the first verse (āyah) of the holy Qurʾān. Term Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Catholic Encyclopedia - Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Mecca - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mecca - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 14th century emperor of the Mali Empire, is the medieval African ruler most known to the world outside Africa. The compact built-up area around the mosque comprises the old city, which stretches to the north and southwest but is limited on the east and west by the nearby mountains. Author of. A goal to which adherents of a religious faith or practice fervently aspire. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Pop. People of the same national origin tend to live together in certain parts of the city. Mecca. However, by the time of Muhammad, the Ka'aba had been taken over by pagan Arabs to house their numerous tribal gods. Mecca in English translation and definition "Mecca", Dictionary English-English online. It was in Medina that he established the Muslim community and where his body is … A city of central Mali near the Niger River northeast of Bamako. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? 2. History . Mecca is so significant to Muslims that the word has come to be commonly used for any place that attracts a … South of the city, Mount Thawr (2,490 feet) contains the cave in which the prophet secreted himself from his Meccan enemies during the Hijrah to Medina, the event that marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. It is the holiest of Muslim cities. According to historian Eduard Glaser, the name " Kaaba " may have been related to the southern Arabian or Ethiopian word " mikrab ", signifying a temple. Area 10 square miles (26 square km). The Saudi Arabian city that attracts millions of religious pilgrims every year is Mecca. Mecca’s houses are more compacted in the old city than in the modern residential areas. Time-lapse video of the annual hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. AP World History Chapter 14 Muhammad definition: the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632) significance: founder of Islam, a prominent religion Abu Bakr definition: companion of The main avenues are al-Muddaʿah and Sūq al-Layl to the north of the mosque and al-Sūq al-Ṣaghīr to the south. The mosque can accommodate one million worshippers at a time. The Kaaba surrounded by pilgrims during the hajj, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This city in Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Muhammad and the site which Muslims must attempt to visit on a pilgrimage; from its role as a religious destination Mecca began to be used in the early 19th century (sometimes capitalized, and sometimes not) in a non-religious sense. Definition Ruler of the Inca society from 1438 to 1471; launched a series of military campaigns that gave Incas control of the region from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca. The state-of-the-art complex, now multilevel, includes an advanced communication network, air-conditioning, escalators, and a complex network of pedestrian routes and tunnels, in addition to numerous aesthetic and artistic accompaniments. As with many Arabic words, its etymology is obscure. Omissions? - Definition, Pilgrimage & History to learn more. The exhibition falls into three sections, the first focusing on the journey to Mecca, particularly along the major routes used through history across Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. You are the Hearer, the Omniscient.\" (Qura… the pilgrimage to Mecca, which every adult Muslim is supposed to make at least once in his or her lifetime: the fifth of the Pillars of Islam. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "before the rise of Islam, it was revered as a sacred sanctuary and was a site of pilgrimage." Mecca By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 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