This diversity displays the unsearchable depth of the divine judgment, and is without doubt subordinate to God's purpose of eternal election. An answer to a second class--viz. 7. We must add a second step of a more limited nature, or one in which the grace of God was displayed in a more special form, when of the same family of Abraham God rejected some, and by keeping others within his Church showed that he retained them among his sons. 2. How ceaselessly they entangle themselves will appear as we proceed. Read Chapter 21 of the Institutes of the Christian Religion Book 3 from author John Calvin. A sentiment of Augustine confirmed by an admonition of our Savior and a passage of Solomon. saith the Lord: yet I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau," (Mal. For the Lord’s portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance” (Deu_32:8, Deu_32:9). Volume 1; Volume 2; Volume 3; Calvin's Commentaries. From this we infer, that all who know not that they are the peculiar people of God, must be wretched from perpetual trepidation, and that those therefore, who, by overlooking the three advantages which we have noted, would destroy the very foundation of our safety, consult ill for themselves and for all the faithful. But if This apparent from the gratuitous election of the posterity of Abraham and the rejection of all others. What? Find more Christian classics for theology and Bible study at Bible Study Tools. 78:67, 68). I admit that it was by their own fault Ishmael, Esau, and others, fell from their adoption; for the condition annexed was, that they should faithfully keep the covenant of God, whereas they perfidiously violated it. Thus in the adoption of the family of Abraham, God gave them a liberal display of favor which he has denied to others; but in the members of Christ there is a far more excellent display of grace, because those ingrafted into him as their head never fail to obtain salvation. He assumes that they are Christian believers, and almost always associates himself with them. There is a celebrated saying of Solomon, "It is the glory of God to conceal a thing," (Prov. Explanation to those who through false modesty shun the doctrine of Predestination, sec. This God has testified, not only in the case of single individuals; he has also given a specimen of it in the whole posterity of Abraham, to make it plain that the future condition of each nation lives entirely at his disposal: “When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book 3. Institutes, Vol.3: Part 27: Chapter 22: This doctrine confirmed by proofs from Scripture. It is to be observed, that when the land is mentioned, it is a visible symbol of the secret election in which adoption is comprehended. What? The cause which he assigns for their deliverance is, “Because he loved thy fathers, therefore he chose their seed after them” (Deu_4:37); or more explicitly in another chapter, “The Lord did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because you were more in number than any people: for ye were the fewest of all people: but because the Lord loved you” (Deu_7:7, Deu_7:8). General discourse on the necessity, dignity, and use of Civil Government, in opposition to the frantic proceedings of the Anabaptists, sec. 21 CALVIN'S DOCTRINE OF PRAYER: AN EXAMINATION OF BOOK 3, CHAPTER 20 OF THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION D. B. Garlington Anyone who undertakes an examiriation of Calvin's theology soon discovers that the subject of prayer looms large in his thinking. For our Lord Jesus Christ did not speak invidiously to his great and most select disciples when he said, ëI have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now,' (John 16:12). It is plain how greatly ignorance of this principle detracts from the glory of God, and impairs true humility. Raiders of the Lost Ark, Solomon’s Lost Treasure, and the Ethiopian Dam … and your calling! 1. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Institutes of the Christian Religion. Those secrets of his will, which he has seen it meet to manifest, are revealed in his word – revealed in so far as he knew to be conducive to our interest and welfare. There is a celebrated saying of Solomon, “It is the glory of God to conceal a thing” (Pro_25:2). Institutes of the Christian Religion (Book 2: Chapter 4) Lyrics. THE ARGUMENT . Ignorance of it impairs the glory of God, plucks up humility by the roots, begets and fosters pride. 22. 14-20). For although adoption was deposited in the hand of Abraham, yet as many of his posterity were cut off as rotten members, in order that election may stand and be effectual, it is necessary to ascend to the head in whom the heavenly Father has connected his elect with each other, and bound them to himself by an indissoluble tie. 3. 6. The Necessity of Verbal Revelation. First, that this happens by the permission, not by the will of God. Luke. It is not without cause Paul observes, that these are called a remnants (Rom_9:27; Rom_11:5); because experience shows that of the general body many fall away and are lost, so that often a small portion only remains. But if it be of works, then it is no more grace: otherwise work is no more work” (Rom_11:6). Nor will they abstain from their jeers when told that little more than five thousand years have elapsed since the creation of the world. The reason why the general election of the people is not always firmly ratified, readily presents itself, viz., that on those with whom God makes the covenant, he does not immediately bestow the Spirit of regeneration, by whose power they persevere in the covenant even to the end. Be this as it may, let those who would ascribe the election of God to human worth or merit come forward. institutes of the christian religion / book second. Complete summary of John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion. - through the fall and revolt of adam, the whole human race made accursed and degenerate. CHAPTER 21. This the sacred history sometimes repeats that the secret grace of God may be more admirably displayed in that change. 9:13; Mal. His words are, “Even so then at this present time also, there is a remnant according to the election of grace. Text Size. The truth of God will always defend itself. The subject of predestination, which in itself is attended with considerable difficulty is rendered very perplexed and hence perilous by human curiosity, which cannot be restrained from wandering into forbidden paths and climbing to the clouds determined if it can that none of the secret things of God shall remain unexplored. ... Book 3: Chapter 23 At first Ishmael had obtained the same rank with his brother Isaac, because the spiritual covenant was equally sealed in him by the symbol of circumcision. This is stated more explicitly in Zechariah by the angel, the Lord “shall choose Jerusalem again,” as if the severity of his chastisements had amounted to reprobation, or the captivity had been an interruption of election, which, however, remains inviolable, though the signs of it do not always appear. But I had good reason for saying that two steps are here to be observed; for in the election of the whole nation, God had already shown that in the exercise of his mere liberality he was under no law but was free, so that he was by no means to be restricted to an equal division of grace, its very inequality proving it to be gratuitous. Chapter 28. THE ARGUMENT . 33:12). Every thing, therefore delivered in Scripture on the subject of predestination, we must beware of keeping from the faithful, lest we seem either maliciously to deprive them of the blessing of God, or to accuse and scoff at the Spirit, as having divulged what ought on any account to be suppressed. - OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT. When they see that one nation is preferred to all others, when they hear that it was no feeling of respect that induced God to show more favor to a small and ignoble body, nay, even to the wicked and rebellious, will they plead against him for having chosen to give such a manifestation of mercy? the mode of obtaining the grace of christ. He is first cut off, then Esau, at last an innumerable multitude, almost the whole of Israel. What It Is to Know God, and to What Purpose the Knowledge of Him Tends CHAPTER 3. Book 3, Chapter 20, Part C. Of prayer – a perpetual exercise of faith. a dramatic representation at the court of navarre. Paul clearly declares that it is only when the salvation of a remnant is ascribed to gratuitous election, we arrive at the knowledge that God saves whom he wills of his mere good pleasure, and does not pay a debt, a debt which never can be due. Text Size. But though thus necessary to be known, Paul declares that it cannot be known unless God, throwing works entirely out of view, elect those whom he has predestined. Chapter 21. Finally, John Calvin was not the first person in church history to teach the doctrine of predestination and unconditional election. We see how he exhorts the people to study the doctrine of the law in accordance with a heavenly decree, because God has been pleased to promulgate it, while he at the same time confines them within these boundaries, for the simple reason that it is not lawful for men to pry into the secret things of God. Read Institutes of the Christian Religion Book 3 from author John Calvin. In Book 3, Chapter 21 (or audio file 39) Calvin, himself, posits the dangers of exploring this theological concept. Chapter 7. Reader Width. 2. First, then, when they inquire into predestination, let then remember that they are penetrating into the recesses of the divine wisdom, where he who rushes forward securely and confidently, instead of satisfying his curiosity will enter in inextricable labyrinth. Therefore, in order to keep the legitimate course in this matter, we must return to the word of God, in which we are furnished with the right rule of understanding. An answer to a second class, viz., those who are unwilling that the doctrine should be adverted to. 25:27). Even of the posterity of Abraham some elected and others rejected by special grace. I knew about them from history books, but here was one who actually thought this way, alive in modern times. Be this as it may, let those who would ascribe the election of God to human worth or merit come forward. John Calvin was just twenty-seven years old when the first edition of his Institutes was published in Basel in 1536. Third objection, viz., That this doctrine is dangerous even to believers. But if their petulance frightens us, it will be necessary to conceal all the principal articles of faith, because they and their fellows leave scarcely one of them unassailed with blasphemy. This website is an attempt to help 21st Century believers and non-believers alike understand more fully what Calvin taught, even while not agreeing with certain aspects of his theology. 5), that we can safely follow Scripture, which walks softly, as with a mother's step, in accommodation to our weakness. Prescience and predestination explained. All are not created on equal terms, but some are preordained to eternal life, others to eternal damnation; and, accordingly, as each has been created for one or other of these ends, we say that he has been predestinated to life or to death. The Apostle shows that the same thing has been done in regard to individuals under the Christian dispensation. OF THE . Book Overview - John by John Calvin. 2. Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book 3 John CALVIN (1509 - 1564), translated by Henry BEVERIDGE (1837 - 1929) Institutes of the Christian Religion is John Calvin's seminal work on … Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. So…I don’t do well flat. I. This chapter contains four leading heads. Table of Contents. Chapter 8. And after an enumeration of the continual mercies of God as fruits of election, the conclusion is, that he acted thus kindly because he remembered his covenant. Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin Translated from the original Latin, and collated with the author's last edition in French, by John Allen For we see that the false apostles were unable, by defaming and accusing the true doctrine of Paul, to make him ashamed of it. "We have come into the way of faith," says Augustine: "let us constantly adhere to it. The negation which is added, “not we ourselves,” is not superfluous, to teach us that God is not only the author of all the good qualities in which men excel, but that they originate in himself, there being nothing in them worthy of so much honor. Again, in another passage, holiness is enjoined upon them, because they have been chosen to be a peculiar people; while in another, love is declared to be the cause of their protection (Deut. 147:20). The danger which they dread is not so great that we ought on account of it to turn away our minds from the oracles of God. 5 in Joann. the exile turns preacher. Nor, indeed, have we elsewhere any sure ground of confidence. The external invitation, without the internal efficacy of grace which would have the effect of retaining them, holds a kind of middle place between the rejection of the human race and the election of a small number of believers. This is stated more explicitly in Zechariah by the angel, the Lord "shall choose Jerusalem again," as if the severity of his chastisements had amounted to reprobation, or the captivity had been an interruption of election, which, however, remains inviolable, though the signs of it do not always appear. The principal matters in this chapter are, I. could not be found or recognized among the creatures, because it lies hid (in both cases wondrously) within the lap of blessed predestination, and the mass of wretched condemnation? 32:8, 9). chapter 1. times of hostility to the reform in france. Now in paperback, John T. McNeil's sterling translation of John Calvin's monumental Institutes of the Christian Religion is ready to serve yet another generation of church leader's, scholars, and dedicated laity.The translation preserves the rugged strength and crisp prose of Calvin's writing, but also conforms to modern English while rendering heavy theological terms in simple language. Chapter 11. Also his Prefatio in Epist. 9:6). Every thing, therefore delivered in Scripture on the subject of predestination, we must beware of keeping from the faithful, lest we seem either maliciously to deprive them of the blessing of God, or to accuse and scoff at the Spirit, as having divulged what ought on any account to be suppressed. Erasmum de Servo Arbitrio, p. 429, sqq. His words are, "Even so then at this present time also, there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 1). 1-3… The death, resurrection, and ascension of Christ. in Cantic). John Calvin (1509-1564) Institutes of the Christian Religion (1545) Excerpts from the Original Electronic Text, ... Book 3: Chapter 21 Of the eternal election, by which God has predestinated some to salvation, and others to destruction. I read this portion of Calvin last night before going to sleep at 4 a.m. :rolleyes: What was bothering me is that Calvin teaches that God decreed that the reprobate would be sinful, yet goes on to say later that the reprobate bring the destruction upon themselves. But if it be of works, then it is no more grace: otherwise work is no more work," (Rom. For it will show us that the moment we go beyond the bounds of the word we are out of the course, in darkness, and must every now and then stumble, go astray, and fall. Explanation to those who through false modesty shun the doctrine of Predestination, sec. Do we not here find the very origin of the Church, which, as Bernard rightly teaches (Serm. But as the Lord seals his elect by calling and justification, so by excluding the reprobate either from the knowledge of his name or the sanctification of his Spirit, he by these marks in a manner discloses the judgment which awaits them. chapter 1. The reason why the general election of the people is not always firmly ratified, readily presents itself--viz. The author addresses his readers directly. Aa Aa. Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book 3 John CALVIN (1509 - 1564), translated by Henry BEVERIDGE (1837 - 1929) Institutes of the Christian Religion is John Calvin's seminal work on … 13., and will be at a loss whether to admire most the marvelous acuteness, or the sobriety of judgment, by which the whole discussion is pervaded. ad Rom. This is clearly expressed by Moses in a few words, “The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us, and to our children for ever” (Deu_29:29). Answer 1. The whole people of Israel are called the Lord’s inheritance, and yet there were many foreigners among them. Hence Paul skillfully argues from the passage of Malachi which I quoted (Rom. Introduction: Questions on The Doctrine of Scripture. It is useful, necessary, and most sweet. To quell their blasphemies, must we say nothing concerning the divinity of the Son and Spirit? A sentiment of Augustine confirmed by an admonition of our Savior and a passage of Solomon. Imagine my astonishment. This book contains Calvin’s most extended treatment of the relationship between God’s grace and man’s will. For the Lord's portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance," (Deut. Even of the posterity of Abraham some elected and others rejected by special grace. And when David’s faith is assailed, how does he arm himself for the battle? A second objection, viz., That this doctrine is a stumbling-block to the profane. We must not despise anything that God has revealed. This diversity displays the unsearchable depth of the divine judgment, and is without doubt subordinate to God's purpose of eternal election. 12:22). 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